|Artist, Sculptor||A. V. Baklanov|
|Sculptor||A. A. Dolgopolova|
|Period||Bank of Russia (1992-1996)|
|Release date||January 11, 1995|
|Weight||6.25 г .|
|Diameter||25 мм .|
|Thickness||1.75 мм .|
|Metal||Bi-metal (Ring - a copper-nickel alloy, disc - aluminum bronze)|
|Edge||Ribbed (252 corrugations)|
It is hard to imagine a representative of the animal world, which would be easily managed to deal with large predators such as the bear or wolf. However, such individuals do exist, and the most interesting thing is that when they - vegetarians. This is a bison - herbivores that can resist even a tiger...
Certainly there are those who, for whatever reason, have never in my life seen a bison - either personally, in the wild or in the drawings or photographs in the book. Meanwhile, it is a beautiful and powerful creation could not be more like a vicious character of the Soviet animated film "The Scarlet Flower" or prince of the Disney movie "Beauty and the Beast." Faced with the vast bison Yakut, Kaluga, Belarusian reserves, it is impossible not to marvel at the magnificence and power of this beast: its weight sometimes reaches a ton, and length of the body - three meters. The appearance of a bison is certainly impressive: the front, the most powerful part of the animal's body is decorated with a massive, humped withers, which is why "growth" Bison is almost 200 centimeters; heavy Shirokolobov head is crowned by small horns, similar to those that "carry" all members of the family of bovids. Well developed chest looks disproportionately large compared to the narrow croup, and at first glance it seems that the bison are clumsy and cumbersome, but this is a mistake: bison easily overcome various obstacles - whether ditches, ravines, ditches or fallen trees, fallen trees, fallen trees, snow drifts. These powerful creation develop excellent speed and is quite capable to catch up with the car.
Enemy at the bison almost there: Viktor Tikhonov trainer once told the story of the tiger attacked the bison and the rejected, like a kitten, a powerful blow rogov- "caught." What can we say about the wolves, bears and lynxes - adult animals virtually invulnerable. Their skin is covered with curly chestnut or brown hair, like armor, and as for the young - to protect their children know how to bison! At the slightest danger zubritsa immediately makes it clear that the joke is not configured: noticing the threat, it is rapidly approaching enemy, snorting angrily, and anyone who dared to disturb the peace of the baby, hurry to retire. Yes, and "kids" themselves very quickly grow up and learn to fend for themselves: within an hour after birth Zubrenok stands on its feet, and two ready to follow the mother.
Sadly, neither steep half-meter horns nor impenetrable skin, nor the power, nor the respect that inspires one type of these large mammals, bison are not saved from the fate of the almost complete extinction. Delicious meat of bison had to taste European princes and counts, and the impressive size of the animal made them easy prey. Soviet writer IP Sosnovsky told how in 1430, the Lithuanian prince Vytautas repeatedly arranged long feasts for its famous guests - one after another; and during each holiday week for serving the prince's table in the kitchen huntsman brought about hundreds of bison. The barbaric destruction of animals lasted until the XVIII century, and stopped only when Europe has lost the last horned giant. The Bialowieza Forest Bison disappeared in 1921, and in the Caucasus - in 1927.
Saved the situation nurseries and Polish scientists, in particular, Ian Shtolcman, organized by the International Society for the protection of bison, but there has not been without trouble: zoologists beginnings nearly destroyed the Second World War. Fortunately, the kind still preserved, and now bison freely roam the forest reserves of Belarus and Russia, and the zoologists and scientists carefully preserve their peace and security.
Image of two-headed eagle (designed by artist I. Bilibin), the inscriptions along the rim, separated by an ornament: at the top - "50 РУБЛЕЙ 1994 г." at the bottom - "БАНК РОССИИ".
Relief image of a bison on the background of the vegetation along the rim - inscriptions, separated by two dots: at the top - the "КРАСНАЯ КНИГА", at the bottom - "ЗУБР".