|Sculptor||A. N. Bessonov|
|Artist||A. A. Brynza|
|Period||Russian Federation (1997-...)|
|Release date||August 21, 2016|
|Weight||6 г .|
|Diameter||25 мм .|
|Thickness||1.8 мм .|
|Series||Cities - the capitals of states liberated by Soviet troops from the German fascist invaders|
|Metal||Nickel Plated Steel|
|Edge||Ribbed with smooth sections (12 sections on the 5 reefs)|
On July 13, 1944, the capital of Lithuania, the city of Vilnius, was liberated from Hitler's troops. The Vilnius military operation was carried out by Soviet troops (the Third Byelorussian Front) under the command of the talented young general Ivan Chernyakhovsky. The operation took place from 5 to 20 July 1944.
The Vilnius operation was the second stage of Operation Bagration, when, unexpectedly for the Germans, the offensive to the west began through the swamps of Byelorussia, considered impassable for tank formations. The enemy's defense was broken. On July 3, the capital of Belarus was liberated, and immediately, without regrouping forces, an operation began to liberate Lithuania. Our troops went around the capital of Lithuania Vilnius from two directions - the south and the north, and surrounded the city. On July 9, fighting began in the city streets. In Vilnius there was a large German garrison and airborne divisions. The fascists tried to break through the ring of encirclement, but they did not succeed. The garrison was defeated. July 13, 1944 Vilnius was released.
When the city was liberated from Hitler's invaders, 2906 Soviet soldiers died. A total of about one hundred thousand Soviet soldiers and officers perished in the battles for the liberation of Lithuania. General Chernyakhovsky was killed near the Polish city of Penenzhno and was buried in Vilnius. In 1950, a monument to Chernyakhovsky (sculptor Tomsky) was erected in Vilnius. On the site of Chernyakhovsky's death, too, a monument was erected, which the Polish authorities demolished in 2015. The monument in Vilnius was demolished in the 90s of the XX century, when Lithuania became an independent state. The monument was saved by a miracle from complete destruction and taken to Voronezh. In Voronezh, local residents collected money for a new pedestal, and on May 9, 1993 the monument to Chernyakhovsky was solemnly opened. The general's ashes were also taken from Vilnius and reburied in Moscow.
In the center of the disk - the denomination of the coin in two lines: "5 РУБЛЕЙ", below - the inscription: "БАНК РОССИИ", under it - the year of coinage: "2016", left and right - stylized branch of the plant, on the right at the edge - yard.
In the center of the disk there is an image of the sculpture "On guard of the world", against the backdrop of contour images of the architectural buildings of Vilnius, below - a horizontal inscription: "13 ИЮЛЯ 1944 г.", above: "ВИЛЬНЮС".