|Sculptor||E. I. Novikova|
|Artist||A. A. Brynza|
|Period||Russian Federation (1997-...)|
|Release date||September 23, 2016|
|Weight||6 г .|
|Diameter||25 мм .|
|Thickness||1.8 мм .|
|Series||Cities - the capitals of states liberated by Soviet troops from the German fascist invaders|
|Metal||Nickel Plated Steel|
|Edge||Ribbed with smooth sections (12 sections on the 5 reefs)|
The operation for the liberation of Tallinn was conducted by the 2nd and 8th shock troops of the Leningrad Front. Marshal Govorov commanded the front. The Germans built a powerful defense in Estonia. The main, most difficult areas of defense were the Tannenberg Line (Narva Isthmus) and the section between Lake Peipus and Lake Võrtsjärv. The Second Shock Army was to strike not the fortified Narva Isthmus, as the Germans expected, but from the Tartu area, for which it was secretly transferred by a brigade of river ships of the Baltic Fleet. And the 8th Army was to strike from the Narva River in the event of a weakening of the German defense.
September 17, 1944 units of the 2nd Army launched an offensive and broke through the German defense. The Germans were forced to begin a retreat from the Narva border. And at that moment the 8th Army joined the battle. Both armies pursued the enemy in a western direction. The swift advance of our armies prevented the fascists from gaining a foothold on new frontiers. September 22, with the support of the forces of the Baltic Fleet, the city of Tallinn was liberated.
As a result of the Tallinn operation, a group of German troops "Narva" suffered a heavy defeat, the mainland of Estonia was completely liberated and conditions for the Moonsund operation for the liberation of its insular part were created.
In 1947, in the center of Tallinn near the Kaarli church on the mass grave of Soviet soldiers who died during the liberation of Tallinn, a monument was erected which was popularly called the "Bronze Soldier" (sculptor Roos). In 1964, before the monument, the Eternal Flame was lit. In the 1990s, when Estonia declared its independence, the Eternal Flame was extinguished. In 2007, the memorial wall with the names of the dead was demolished, the "Bronze Soldier" dismantled, the remains of Soviet soldiers were dug from the grave. Relatives of the deceased took them away and buried them in their homeland. Those soldiers who had no relatives left were buried in a military cemetery, and the "Bronze Soldier" was also taken there.
In the center of the disk - the denomination of the coin in two lines: "5 РУБЛЕЙ", below - the inscription: "БАНК РОССИИ", under it - the year of coinage: "2016", left and right - stylized branch of the plant, on the right at the edge - yard.
In the center of the disk there is an image of the memorial composition "Monument to the fallen in the Second World War", located on the Military Cemetery in Tallinn, against the background of contour images of architectural structures of Tallinn, below - the horizontal inscription: "22 СЕНТЯБРЯ 1944 г.", at the top along the edge - inscription: "ТАЛЛИН".