Coin Staraya Russa
|Period||Russian Federation (1997-...)|
|Release date||August 18, 2002|
|Weight||8.4 г .|
|Diameter||27 мм .|
|Thickness||2.1 мм .|
|Series||The ancient cities of Russia|
|Metal||Bi-metal (Ring - brass, disk - Melchior)|
|Edge||Ribbed with the inscription (300 corrugations and two inscriptions "10 РУБЛЕЙ", separated by two asterisks)|
City Staraya Russa originated in ancient times. There is an ancient tradition, that its founder was Prince Rus, brother of Prince words, a descendant of Scythian prince. And until 1552, the year the city was called Ruz.
The exact date of the formation of a settlement at the confluence of Porus and Polist to still debate. Historical written sources mentioned the city in 1167, the year, but there is evidence that even in the middle of the 11th century there was a village in the Southern Ilmen.
In the 11-12 th centuries it was already a developed city, which had a distinctive culture. There were lined with wooden bridge, the population engaged in crafts, salt production and trade.
In 1192, the year the abbot Martire, the future Archbishop of Novgorod, founded here Transfiguration Monastery. Two years later, the city burnt a huge fire, and another six - built the first stone building - the Transfiguration Cathedral. At the turn of 12-13 centuries in the city built defensive fortifications.
At the end of the 15th century Rus became part of the Moscow principality. Ivan the Terrible during his reign introduced in Staraya Russa list oprichnina land, which saved her from terror and plunder.
In the 16th century, the city came in the days of decline. In 1581, the year he was captured and almost completely burned Lithuanian-Polish forces. In less than thirty years, there have been groups of False Dmitry II. This was followed by the Swedish occupation. In 1617, the year the population of Staraya Russa was only 38 people.
Restoration of the city began in the reign of Peter I.
Today Staraya Russa is the administrative center in the Novgorod region, home to a historical and architectural monuments. The city was awarded the Order of the Patriotic War I level.
In the center - the designation value of the coin "10 РУБЛЕЙ". Inside of the figure "0" - hidden, visible by turns on changing angle of view of the image numbers "10" and the inscription "РУБ". In the lower part of the disc - the mint trademark. The top of the ring along the rim - the inscription: "БАНК РОССИИ", at the bottom - the date "2002" on the left and the right - stylized twigs of plants going over to the disc.
Left - healing spring fountain, above - the coat of arms of the city of Staraya Russa, in the background on the right - the Resurrection Cathedral, along the rim - inscription (XVII century.): At the top - "ДРЕВНИЕ ГОРОДА РОССИИ", at the bottom - "СТАРАЯ РУССА".