Coin Stalingrad, 55 Years of Victory
|Period||Russian Federation (1997-...)|
|Release date||July 16, 2000|
|Weight||5.1 г .|
|Diameter||23 мм .|
|Thickness||1.8 мм .|
|Series||55 Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945.|
|Metal||Nickel silver (Copper (40-82%), nickel (5-15%) and zinc (13-45%))|
|Edge||Ribber with smooth sections (Corrugations 84, divided into 12 equal portions, alternating with areas 12 smooth)|
Stalingrad (now Volgograd time) - one of the cities that participated in the largest battle in human history, and was the site of the bloodiest battle in World War II. In 1942, July 17 started the Battle of Stalingrad, which lasted for 199 days.
There are two main reasons why the capture of Stalingrad was so important to Hitler:
- it was a large industrial city on the Volga, which acted as a vital transport route between the Caspian Sea and northern Russia;
- take the oil regions of the Caucasus.
In this battle, both sides killed more than 2 million people, the city was completely destroyed, but it did not surrender to the enemy and won. After the Battle of Stalingrad, German troops were not able to recover their former strength, and reached no further strategic victories in the East.
In the struggle for the independence and freedom of their country, Stalingrad became a symbol of courage, fortitude and heroism of the Soviet people, so the city was awarded the title Hero City in 1945, on 8 May.
May 1, 1945 in the order of the Supreme Commander of the city of Stalingrad named among the first cities-heroes. According to the Regulations on the rank of the Hero Cities, approved May 8, 1965, the city of Stalingrad is assigned to the highest degree of distinction "Hero City" with the award of the Order of Lenin and medal "Gold Star" for the heroism and courage of its defenders, manifested in the struggle for freedom and independence Motherland in the Great Patriotic war.
In the center of the disc - the indication value of the coin in two lines "2 РУБЛЯ" below - the inscription: "БАНК РОССИИ", under it - the date "2000" on the left and the right - stylized branch plants.
Soldiers at the time of the attack, to the right - a medal "Gold Star", a ruined house in the background - the outline of the flaming city on the banks of the river at the bottom along the rim - the inscription: "СТАЛИНГРАД".