Coin Northern convoy
|Artist||A. V. Baklanov|
|Sculptor||S. M. Ivanov|
|Period||Bank of Russia (1992-1996)|
|Release date||August 2, 1992|
|Weight||14.35 г .|
|Diameter||33 мм .|
|Thickness||2.3 мм .|
|Series||50 Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945.|
|Edge||Inscription (two inscriptions "ТРИ РУБЛЯ", separated by two asterisks)|
Northern convoy - the common name of the Arctic convoys which delivered military goods from the United Kingdom and the United States to the Soviet Union in the course of military assistance programs (Lend-Lease). Convoys coming out under the control of Iceland's ports allies and Scotland and arrived in the ports of Arkhangelsk and Murmansk. In total in 1941-1945. 78 convoys have been sent.
The main danger for the Arctic convoys represented part of the route in the area of German-occupied Norway, where there were a few German naval and air bases. Actions of the German ships and planes led to numerous casualties among combat convoy ships. So, gained notoriety convoy PQ17 (June-July 1942) 24 of the 35 ships which were sunk. After the defeat of the Arctic convoys PQ17 holding it has been suspended for six months, but in September 1942 the sea supplies to the Soviet Union resumed.
The most important factor in the minimization of losses among the Arctic convoys in 1943-1945 gg. British cryptanalysts began hacking the code of the German cipher machine "Enigma", thanks to which the Allies received advance information on the movement of German vehicles. As a result, in particular, the German heavy cruiser "Scharnhorst", attacked a convoy JW55 in December 1943, the time had come up was sunk by the British battleship "Duke of York".
Northern convoy had substantial financial assistance from the USSR army, in addition to counter the convoys Germany was forced to keep the Arctic a large number of cruisers and battleships, not being able to throw them on the Pacific theater of war.
In the center - the relief image of the domes of the Cathedral of the Intercession on the Moat on Red Square and Spasskaya Tower of the Moscow Kremlin, on the top left - the two-headed eagle with wings down, under the cathedral on the right - the mint trademark, bottom center in three lines - the denomination and year of manufacture: "3 РУБЛЯ 1992 г."; along the rim on - line, on the left: "БАНК", right: "РОССИИ".
In the center - the relief image of the three ships in the wake column, attacked bomber under them from left to right - US flags, Britain and the Soviet Union, along the rim - the inscription along the rim, at the bottom: "СЕВЕРНЫЙ КОНВОЙ" to the right - the dates "1941-1945".