Coin Republic of Kalmykia
|Artist||A. D. Schablykin|
|Sculptor||S. V. Erokhin|
|Period||Russian Federation (1997-...)|
|Release date||April 5, 2009|
|Weight||8.4 г .|
|Diameter||27 мм .|
|Thickness||2.1 мм .|
|Metal||Bi-metal (Ring - brass, disk - Melchior)|
|Edge||Ribbed with the inscription (300 corrugations and two inscriptions "10 РУБЛЕЙ", separated by two asterisks)|
Kalmykia - republic borderland. It is located in the southeast of the European part of the Russian state. Area Kalmykia small. The area it is in a zone of deserts and semi-deserts, but has two exits to the big water. The northeastern part of Kalmykia border runs along the Volga River, and south-east - washed by the Caspian Sea.
Since ancient times, in the steppes of the Caspian was not permanent residents. Consistently one another replaced the Huns, the Scythians, the Pechenegs, the Cimmerians, Cumans and others. In the 13th century, the plain of the Volga-Don interfluve completely fell under the rule of the Golden Horde, after the collapse of which are located nomadic people Nogais.
Western Mongolia, otherwise known as Kalmyks started to move to the area in the 17th century, founded in the Volga steppes the Kalmyk Khanate. Preserving autonomy in dealing with domestic issues, Kalmyk khans in 1609, the year pledging allegiance to the Russian tsar. In the 17-18 centuries Khanate reliably protect the border areas of Russia from the raids of Crimean Tatars, the nomadic Kazakhs led wars of conquest with the Mangyshlak Turkmens, the Caucasian mountaineers.
In January 1771, the Kalmyks undertook an aggressive campaign in Central Asia, which turned almost complete destruction of the Kalmyk people. Catherine II in October of the same year eliminated the Kalmyk Khanate as an administrative unit, and the remaining Kalmyks group were attached to the Cossack troops.
Modern Kalmyk Republic was formed in several stages. autonomous region, part of the Stavropol Territory was created in 1957, the year. In 1958, she transformed into an independent autonomous republic. In 1994, the Republic of Kalmykia declared part of the Russian Federation.
In the center - the designation value of the coin "10 РУБЛЕЙ". Inside of the figure "0" - hidden, visible by turns on changing angle of view of the image numbers "10" and the inscription "РУБ". In the lower part of the disc - the mint trademark. The top of the ring along the rim - the inscription: "БАНК РОССИИ", at the bottom - the date "2009" on the left and the right - stylized twigs of plants going over to the disc.
The image of the emblem of the Republic of Kalmykia, along the rim - inscriptions: at the top - "РОССИЙСКАЯ ФЕДЕРАЦИЯ" at the bottom - "РЕСПУБЛИКА КАЛМЫКИЯ".