Coin Partisans and underground Crimea
|Sculptor||F. S. Andronov|
|Artist||A. A. Brynza|
|Period||Russian Federation (1997-...)|
|Release date||March 17, 2016|
|Weight||6 г .|
|Diameter||25 мм .|
|Thickness||1.8 мм .|
|Series||The feat of the Soviet soldiers who fought in the Crimean peninsula during the 1941-1945 Great Patriotic War years.|
|Metal||Nickel Plated Steel|
|Edge||Ribbed with smooth sections (12 sections on the 5 reefs)|
Work on the organization of the guerrilla movement, the formation of guerrilla groups and underground organizations in Crimea has been launched in July 1941.
For direct management of clandestine activities in the territory of the Crimea Crimean Regional Committee of the CPSU (b) at the beginning of October 1941 he formed a clandestine party center in Kerch (director of the Center steel IA Kozlov, VS Kolesnichenko and E. Efimov). In addition, in the cities and district centers were left organizers of the underground struggle (in Simferopol - FI Belenkov, in Sevastopol - PS Korotkov, Belogorsk - MG Rybakov, in Yalta - VF Smolentceva, Krasnogvardejskiy area - NG Myazgov and NI Yudin). 24 partisan detachments were formed on the basis of the battalions of destroyers, in the first days after the occupation of their number increased due to the influx of military personnel.
As of November 10, 1941 for 27 guerrilla groups were in the Crimea; as of November 20, 1941 - 28 guerrilla groups, as part of which there were 3734 people (including 1,316 troops), about a thousand of them were members of the Komsomol.
October 23, 1941 was established The headquarters of the partisan movement of Crimea, He became the head of staff Colonel AV Mokrousov, Commissioner - S. Martynov.
During the Crimean offensive Crimean guerrillas provided significant assistance to the advancing Soviet troops.
In the period from 1 November 1941 to 16 April 1944 the Crimean Soviet partisans and underground fighters held 3226 shares against the troops, communications and enemy targets (including 252 combat, 1632 sabotage and operations in communications, 349 ambushes and attacks, 163 acts of sabotage and operations on the railways, 824 attacks on vehicles and wagons); undermined, derailed and burned 79 levels and 2 armored (everything was destroyed and put out of commission 48 locomotives and 947 wagons and platforms); destroyed 29,383 soldiers and police (and another 3872 captured); three railway stations, three power stations, two radio stations, 25 military depots, three railway and 52 road bridges, 112.8 km of telephone cable and 6.6 km of transmission lines; 13 tanks, 3 armored vehicles, 211 guns, 1,940 vehicles, 83 carts.
In addition, they seized 201 car, 40 tractors, 2627 horses, 542 carts, 17 guns, 250 machine guns, 254 machine, 5415 rifles, ammunition and other military equipment. Also, they recaptured the 1019 cattle, 6661 sheep and 609 tons of food
Also, the Crimean partisans and underground fighters were engaged in political work with the population: they produced 4 newspaper ( "Crimean partisans", "For the Soviet Crimea", "Crimean Truth", "For the Motherland"), as well as leaflets, appeals and appeals. Total for the occupation period partisans and underground Crimea released 213 titles of newspapers and flyers with a circulation of more than 3 million copies.
Over 3 thousand. Partisans and underground fighters (including 1,500 members of the guerrilla movement) were awarded orders and medals of the USSR, the head of the Sevastopol underground VD Revyakin awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union (posthumously).
In the center - the denomination of the coin in two lines: "5 РУБЛЕЙ", below - the inscription: "БАНК РОССИИ", under it - the year of issue "2015", the left and right - the stylized branch plants, right at the edge - the mint trademark.
In the center - the monument to partisans and underground Crimea in Simferopol, along the rim - inscriptions, separated by two asterisks, top: "ПАРТИЗАНАМ И ПОДПОЛЬЩИКАМ КРЫМА", at the bottom: "ВЕЛИКАЯ ОТЕЧЕСТВЕННАЯ ВОЙНА 1941-1945 гг.".