Coin The liberation of Europe from fascism. Budapest

Catalogues

Krause Konros Catalogue number
Y# 379 55.2/17 5011-0014

Authors

Artist A. A. Kolodkin
Sculptor V. M. Kharlamov

Information

Country Russia
Period Bank of Russia (1992-1996)
Release date March 20, 1995
Weight 14.35 г .
Diameter 33 мм .
Thickness 2.3 мм .
Release Commemorative coins
Series 50 Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945.
Denomination 3
Currency Russian ruble
Metal Copper-nickel-plated copper
Orientation Medal
Edge Inscription (two inscriptions "ТРИ РУБЛЯ", separated by two asterisks)
Shape Round

Detailed description

By the end of December 1944 the Budapest grouping of the Wehrmacht was surrounded by forces of the 2nd and 3rd Ukrainian Fronts. In an effort to avoid the destruction of the city and unnecessary bloodshed, the Soviet High Command has put forward a proposal to surrender to the Germans, but Gen. Pfeffer-Vildendbruh rejected the ultimatum, moreover, parliamentarians I. and M. Ostapenko Shteymets were killed. Surrounded by German group attempted to break out of the boiler, at the same time the Germans tried to attack the outer ring of encirclement, Release Budapest. At the cost of enormous casualties of the German army was able to approach to a distance of 25 km from the southern border of Budapest, but the Soviets were able to align the front line.

At the beginning of January 1945 fighting broke out on the outskirts of the northern part of the city - in Pest. January 17 surrounded by German group was divided into three parts. January 18, 1945 the southern part of the Budapest German garrison capitulated. January 20, Soviet troops entered the city from the south - in Buda. However, here the Germans offered stubborn resistance - in 11 days of fighting for control of the Red Army moved only 114 city blocks of 608. February 12, 1945 surrounded by the Germans are taking a last attempt to escape: 26 thousand German soldiers and officers have gone to a massive attack on the position 3. his Ukrainian front. After fierce fighting deblokady attempt was suppressed, only 785 German troops were pulled out of the boiler, and the rest were killed, wounded or captured. February 13 was defeated by Soviet troops remained in Buda group. Budapest was liberated.

Obverse description

In the center - the image of the dome of the Senate and the Spassky Tower of the Moscow Kremlin building on the right - the mint trademark. The inscriptions along the rim framed by a circle of dots: at the top - "ТРИ РУБЛЯ 1995 г." at the bottom - "БАНК РОССИИ".

Reverse description

Image of four Soviet soldiers during the battle against the background of the architectural monuments of Budapest, the inscriptions along the rim: at the top - "ОСВОБОЖДЕНИЕ ЕВРОПЫ ОТ ФАШИЗМА" at the bottom - "БУДАПЕШТ 13.02.1945 г.". On the side surface of the coin - two incised inscriptions "ТРИ РУБЛЯ", separated by two asterisks.

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Circulation

Name Uncirculated Proof Average price
MMD, 1995 - 200,000 Unknown