Coin The liberation of Europe from fascism. Budapest
|Artist||A. A. Kolodkin|
|Sculptor||V. M. Kharlamov|
|Period||Bank of Russia (1992-1996)|
|Release date||April 17, 1995|
|Weight||14.35 г .|
|Diameter||33 мм .|
|Thickness||2.3 мм .|
|Series||50 Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945.|
|Edge||Inscription (two inscriptions "ТРИ РУБЛЯ", separated by two asterisks)|
By the end of December 1944 the Budapest grouping of the Wehrmacht was surrounded by forces of the 2nd and 3rd Ukrainian Fronts. In an effort to avoid the destruction of the city and unnecessary bloodshed, the Soviet High Command has put forward a proposal to surrender to the Germans, but Gen. Pfeffer-Vildendbruh rejected the ultimatum, moreover, parliamentarians I. and M. Ostapenko Shteymets were killed. Surrounded by German group attempted to break out of the boiler, at the same time the Germans tried to attack the outer ring of encirclement, Release Budapest. At the cost of enormous casualties of the German army was able to approach to a distance of 25 km from the southern border of Budapest, but the Soviets were able to align the front line.
At the beginning of January 1945 fighting broke out on the outskirts of the northern part of the city - in Pest. January 17 surrounded by German group was divided into three parts. January 18, 1945 the southern part of the Budapest German garrison capitulated. January 20, Soviet troops entered the city from the south - in Buda. However, here the Germans offered stubborn resistance - in 11 days of fighting for control of the Red Army moved only 114 city blocks of 608. February 12, 1945 surrounded by the Germans are taking a last attempt to escape: 26 thousand German soldiers and officers have gone to a massive attack on the position 3. his Ukrainian front. After fierce fighting deblokady attempt was suppressed, only 785 German troops were pulled out of the boiler, and the rest were killed, wounded or captured. February 13 was defeated by Soviet troops remained in Buda group. Budapest was liberated.
In the center - the image of the dome of the Senate and the Spassky Tower of the Moscow Kremlin building on the right - the mint trademark. The inscriptions along the rim framed by a circle of dots: at the top - "ТРИ РУБЛЯ 1995 г." at the bottom - "БАНК РОССИИ".
Image of four Soviet soldiers during the battle against the background of the architectural monuments of Budapest, the inscriptions along the rim: at the top - "ОСВОБОЖДЕНИЕ ЕВРОПЫ ОТ ФАШИЗМА" at the bottom - "БУДАПЕШТ 13.02.1945 г.". On the side surface of the coin - two incised inscriptions "ТРИ РУБЛЯ", separated by two asterisks.