Coin The liberation of Europe from fascism. Berlin
|Artist, Sculptor||S. A. Kornilov|
|Period||Bank of Russia (1992-1996)|
|Release date||July 4, 1995|
|Weight||14.35 г .|
|Diameter||33 мм .|
|Thickness||2.3 мм .|
|Series||50 Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945.|
|Edge||Inscription (two inscriptions "ТРИ РУБЛЯ", separated by two asterisks)|
Berlin operation began on April 16 at 5:00 am a powerful artillery preparation. Then the battle went obschevoskovye part. Initially offensive it developed successfully, but when you try to take the Seelow Heights attack Soviet troops failed. The commander of the operation, Marshal Zhukov entered into battle first and 2nd Guards Tank Army. On the morning of April 18 Seelow Heights were taken, paving the way to Berlin. April 21, 1945 the 3rd, 5th, 47th Shock Army and the 2nd Guards Tank Army entered the outskirts of Berlin. April 22, Soviet troops closed the ring around the city.
Berlin was previously well fortified, streets blocked by barricades depth of 4 m and the German command was able to mobilize in the defense of the city more than 200 thousand people. In addition, the disposal of the Germans were a large number of anti-tank grenade launchers type "faustpatron" effective range of defeat which was not more than 50 meters, but in conditions of street fighting faustpatrona constituted a dangerous weapon. All this led to the extraordinary complexity and brutality of street fighting.
Only the April 30 advanced units of the 150th Infantry Division reached the city center and hoisted the red flag over the Reichstag. On the same day, Adolf Hitler committed suicide and the commander of the Berlin garrison, General Vaydling expressed readiness to cease resistance and surrendered. From the headquarters of the Soviet 8th Guards Army Vaydling he ordered the surrender, which was brought up to all parts of Berlin contingent through radioreproduktory. The bulk of the German forces surrendered, a few scattered groups who have not received the order or refused to implement it, for some time continued to resist, but to the end of the day on May 2, they were rounded up and exterminated.
In the center - the image of the dome of the Senate and the Spassky Tower of the Moscow Kremlin building on the right - the mint trademark. The inscriptions along the rim framed by a circle of dots: at the top - "ТРИ РУБЛЯ 1995 г." at the bottom - "БАНК РОССИИ".
Images of Soviet soldiers during the battle for the Reichstag, the inscriptions along the rim separated by two dots: at the top - "ОСВОБОЖДЕНИЕ ЕВРОПЫ ОТ ФАШИЗМА" at the bottom - "БЕРЛИН 2.05.1945 г." On the side surface of the coin - two incised inscriptions "three rubles", separated by two asterisks.