Coin Defense of Sevastopol
|Artist||A. A. Brynza|
|Sculptor||A. V. Molokostova|
|Period||Russian Federation (1997-...)|
|Release date||February 27, 2016|
|Weight||6 г .|
|Diameter||25 мм .|
|Thickness||1.8 мм .|
|Series||The feat of the Soviet soldiers who fought in the Crimean peninsula during the 1941-1945 Great Patriotic War years.|
|Metal||Nickel Plated Steel|
|Edge||Ribbed with smooth sections (12 sections on the 5 reefs)|
The total losses of the Soviet troops over the entire defense of Sevastopol from 30 October 1941 to the beginning of July 1942 amounted to 200 481 people, of which irrecoverable losses -. 156 880 people, health -. 43 601 people.
For the capture of Sevastopol commander of the 11th Army, E. von Manstein was promoted to field marshal, and the entire staff of the army - a special sleeve insignia "Crimea Shield".
Loss of Sevastopol led to the deterioration of the situation of the Red Army and allowed German troops to continue the offensive to the Volga and the Caucasus. more than one hundred thousand grouping has been lost, is located at a strategically important sector of the front. Soviet Air Force could no longer threaten the Romanian oilfields in Ploesti, the Soviet navy had lost the ability to act on the communications of the enemy in the north and north-western part of the Black Sea. In addition to the battle-hardened soldiers of the coastal army were lost qualified personnel from among the residents of the city-fortress.
The main task of the Wehrmacht was to release the 11-th army out of Sevastopol for future directions of the main attacks on the 1942 summer campaign.
According Manstein, after the capture of Sevastopol forces subordinate to the army should throw across the Kerch Strait in the Kuban, to cut off the retreat of the Red Army retreating before the Army Group "A" with the lower Don to the Caucasus, or, at least, to keep in reserve behind the southern wing that could have prevented the defeat of the German forces at Stalingrad. The German command, in the midst of the summer offensive, was forced to give parts of the 11th Army and the Romanian corps rest period of six weeks, which was used to obtain replacements. Manstein himself until 12 August while on vacation in Romania. However, after his return revealed that of 13 divisions and 3 brigades and six corps departments involved in the Crimean peninsula, only four divisions and two housing management could be used for further operations:
- 7th Rumanian Corps as part of the 10 th and 19 th infantry divisions sent to Stalingrad;
- HQ 42 Corps and the 42th Division deployed to Taman;
- 72 Division is involved in the group of armies "Center" (in a secondary site).
50th German division, Romanian Mountain Corps: 1st and 4th Mountain, 18th Infantry Division, 4th Mountain Brigade, 8th Cavalry Brigade had been left in the Crimea; 22th Division was sent to Crete, where he remained until the end of the war (in the fighting in North Africa did not participate); the headquarters of the 54th and 30th Corps, 24 th, 132 th, 170 th, 28 th light (Mountain Infantry) Division were sent under Leningrad. According Manstein, "was to find opportunities to strike and make a plan of attack on Leningrad."
In the center - the denomination of the coin in two lines: "5 РУБЛЕЙ", below - the inscription: "БАНК РОССИИ", under it - the year of issue "2015", the left and right - the stylized branch plants, right at the edge - the mint trademark.
In the center - the image of the monument "of sailors and soldiers" in Sevastopol, along the rim - inscriptions, separated by two asterisks at the top: "ОБОРОНА СЕВАСТОПОЛЯ", below: "ВЕЛИКАЯ ОТЕЧЕСТВЕННАЯ ВОЙНА 1941-1945 гг.".