Coin Defense of the adzhimushkay quarry

Catalogues

Krause Konros Catalogue number
UC# 127 Unknown 5712-0031

Authors

Artist A. A. Brynza
Sculptor E. A. Yastrebova

Information

Country Russia
Period Russian Federation (1997-...)
Release date March 14, 2016
Weight 6 г .
Diameter 25 мм .
Thickness 1.8 мм .
Release Commemorative coins
Series The feat of the Soviet soldiers who fought in the Crimean peninsula during the 1941-1945 Great Patriotic War years.
Denomination 5
Currency Russian ruble
Metal Nickel Plated Steel
Orientation Medal
Edge Ribbed with smooth sections (12 sections on the 5 reefs)
Shape Round

Detailed description

Adzhimushkay - village 5 kilometers from the Kerch (administratively part of the city), next to which there are large and small Adzhimushkayskie quarry. Development of limestone catacombs began in ancient times.

After the defeat of the Crimean Front in May 1942 (see. Operation "Hunting for bustards") troops of the Crimean front, defending the city were forced to evacuate to the Taman Peninsula. The general management of the group which covered the evacuation, took the head of the department of military training of staff of the Crimean Front, Colonel P. Yagunov. On May 14, he was appointed Deputy nachalnika front headquarters and on the same day began to allocate individual battalions and percussion group from the personnel reserve. The basis of this order, in addition to the commanders and political commissars of reserve and personnel of the 1st frontline reserve regiment, made up of several hundred cadets of military schools, officers and men of the 276th Infantry Regiment of the NKVD and the 95th border regiment, the 1st and 2nd Battalions nA which entrenched positions north Adzhimushkaya and military forces from various rodov units and formations fronta, kotorye "on May 13, it became the quarry to fill the aisles." A small group had grown to several thousand soldiers at the expense of the retreating soldiers and the inhabitants, who had fled from the city. More than 10 000 troops took refuge in the catacombs of the Great and Small in 3000. Garrison led by PM and MG Yagunov more important.

At first, the Germans could not understand how come all of a sudden attack of the Red Army. But soon the shelter was discovered, and there were moved additional forces of the Wehrmacht. Through continuous attacks of the German parts of the Red Army was able to drop into the quarry, but further attempts to take quarry assault ended in failure: Yagunovo squad bravely repulsed all the attacks of the Germans.

The catacombs were not prepared to withstand long-term siege: did not have large stocks of food, medicine, weapons and ammunition, and the wells were just outside. Each outing of water accompanied by a fight. According to his men, "for a bucket of water paid a bucket of blood." The Germans, realizing in these raids on the problems with the water eliminated wells in the area of quarries and covered them (there were two wells in the village Adzhimushkay - "sweet" and "salty").

The situation reached a critical point, since lacked weapons, food and water. Besides, the Germans began to use explosives to collapse the tunnels and pumped into the catacombs of poisonous gases. October 30, 1942 the Germans finally captured the catacombs and captured a few alive defenders. Of the approximately 13 000 people who have gone down into the catacombs, then survived only 48 170-day siege.

Obverse description

In the center - the denomination of the coin in two lines: "5 РУБЛЕЙ", below - the inscription: "БАНК РОССИИ", under it - the year of issue "2015", the left and right - the stylized branch plants, right at the edge - the trademark of the coin yard.

Reverse description

In the center - the fragments of bas-reliefs Memorial Adzhimushkay quarries, along the rim - inscriptions, separated by two asterisks at the top: "ОБОРОНА АДЖИМУШКАЙСКИХ КАМЕНОЛОМЕН", below: "ВЕЛИКАЯ ОТЕЧЕСТВЕННАЯ ВОЙНА 1941-1945 гг."

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Circulation

Name Uncirculated Proof Average price
MMD, 2015 Unknown Unknown