|Artist||A. A. Brynza|
|Period||Russian Federation (1997-...)|
|Release date||January 14, 2016|
|Weight||5.63 г .|
|Diameter||22 мм .|
|Thickness||2.2 мм .|
|Series||Cities of Military Glory|
|Metal||Brass plated Steel|
|Edge||Ribber with smooth sections (6 sections 5 and 6 of the reef sections 7 riffs, interspersed with smooth sections 12)|
For almost three hundred years of its existence, the city passed a long way, covered with glory.
Thanks to the heroism and sacrifice of the soldiers of the civilian population have been preserved for posterity the unique palaces and parks of Oranienbaum. In 1948 the town was renamed Oranienbaum in town Lomonosov.
Today, the territory of the University and the Lomonosov district as the memory of the immortal feat of the defenders of Oranienbaum bridgehead saved 81 memorable place, 19 communal graves, 6 memorials, including "Small way of life" and "Small Piskarevka", which buried about 11 thousand soldiers, as well as 35 monuments and signs.
On hundreds of kilometers along the Gulf of Finland by land and sea stretched line of defense. Oranienbaum bridgehead included major military units, powerful coastal forts, airports, hospitals, schools, farms, conduit, and other enterprises and institutions. Being a constant threat to the left flank of the 18th German army, the defenders of Oranienbaum bridgehead covering the approaches to Leningrad and Kronstadt, attracts considerable forces of the enemy.
Invaluable assistance provided Baltic Fleet, whose main task was to assist the ground forces defending Leningrad. "October Revolution" cruisers "Kirov", "Maxim Gorky", "Petropavlovsk" destroyers "Proud," "The Watch," "Karl Marx" and: For this Marine Brigade of the parts and the ships of the squadron of the Baltic Fleet were formed in Oranienbaum others. As part of the Baltic ships carrying military service in Oranienbaum and the famous cruiser "Aurora".
Started 900-day siege of the city. The defense of Leningrad was of all-union character. From the defense of the city on the Neva depended the fate of the capital and throughout the country. Oranienbaum bridgehead was instrumental in the defense of Leningrad.
Residents of the city have managed to ensure normal operation of urban enterprises and institutions: established their power, organized supply of water from nearby reservoirs, rebuilt the bombed building of the city hospital. In the farm "sewers" (factory "Pervomayskaya dawn" and "Fashion") sewing greatcoats, camouflage gowns, winter clothing. Artel "Oranienkoop" ( "Dawn" factory) produced for the front metal camouflage nets. On the local print shop printed regional newspaper "Forward" and the Soviet Information Bureau reports. Users manually raised large tracts of land to plant vegetables and harvest, fishermen have provided massive ice fishing. For all this the people were building new fortifications and buildings, equipped with gun emplacements.
Do not stop the Nazi shelling and bombing from the air, especially in the port area, cold and hunger, work in hospitals, night shifts at checkpoints MoEHE demanded by defenders of Oranienbaum maximum exertion. But they endured all the hardships of the siege, and not give the enemy a key to the gates of Leningrad.
In January 1943, the siege of Leningrad was broken, and in the autumn of that year, began preparations for battle for the complete liberation of Leningrad and Leningrad region from the Nazi invaders.
The plan of this operation provided a powerful blow to the Oranienbaum bridgehead from the area Pulkovo to break the enemy defense, to encircle and destroy it-Strelna Peterhof group.
To carry out this plan foothold concealed movement of troops began the 2nd Shock Army under the command of Lieutenant-General II Fedyuninskogo. On winter nights the sailors of the Baltic Fleet discreetly, quickly and without losses taken to the staging area military units, artillery, tanks, ammunition and equipment. January 14, 1944 with the Oranienbaum bridgehead artillery, ships, forts and Aviation opened heavy fire on the German positions, and the Soviet troops went on the offensive.
In January 1944, he served as a springboard springboard from which began the rout of fascist troops near Leningrad. 29 months Soviet troops defended the Oranienbaum bridgehead, cut off from Leningrad and the "Great Land." Thousands of soldiers for military work awarded by government awards. 44 people were awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union.
The enemy was defeated. Lifting of the blockade of Leningrad. 29 months lasted defense Oranienbaum bridgehead, many feats committed defenders of Oranienbaum land.
In the center - the denomination of the coin "10 РУБЛЕЙ". Inside of the figure "0" - hidden, visible by turns on changing angle of view of the image of "10" and the inscription "РУБ". In the circle along the rim - the inscription at the top: "БАНК РОССИИ", at the bottom - the date "2015" on the left - a stylized image of a laurel branch, the right - oak.
Coat of arms of the city of Lomonosov, above it, on the ribbon - the semicircular inscription: "ГОРОДА ВОИНСКОЙ СЛАВЫ", at the bottom along the rim - the inscription: "ЛОМОНОСОВ".