Coin Crimean strategic offensive operation
|Artist||A. A. Brynza|
|Sculptor||M. P. Efimenko|
|Period||Russian Federation (1997-...)|
|Release date||March 20, 2016|
|Weight||6 г .|
|Diameter||25 мм .|
|Thickness||1.8 мм .|
|Series||The feat of the Soviet soldiers who fought in the Crimean peninsula during the 1941-1945 Great Patriotic War years.|
|Metal||Nickel Plated Steel|
|Edge||Ribbed with smooth sections (12 sections on the 5 reefs)|
Crimean operation in 1944 - offensive of the Soviet troops to liberate the Crimea from the forces of Nazi Germany during World War II. Was conducted from April 8 to May 12, 1944 the forces of the 4th Ukrainian Front and the Independent Coastal Army, in cooperation with the Black Sea Fleet and the Azov Flotilla.
Crimean operation was a complete rout of the 17th Army of the Wehrmacht, but the irretrievable losses which in the course of the fighting ranged from 120 thousand people (including 61,580 prisoners). To these must be added a significant loss of enemy troops during the evacuation of the sea, in the course of which was virtually destroyed by the Romanian Black Sea fleet, which lost ⅔ existing vessels. In particular, at this time is flooding strike attack aircraft of the German transports' Totila "and" Theia ", included in the list of the largest number of victims of maritime disasters of all time (up to 8000 deaths). Thus, the total deadweight loss of the German-Romanian forces are estimated at 140 thousand soldiers and officers.
As a result of the liberation of Crimea was lifted threat of the southern wing of the Soviet-German front, and returned to the main naval base of the Black Sea Fleet - Sevastopol. Seizing Crimea, the Soviet Union regained control over the Black Sea, which greatly damaged Germany's position in Romania, Turkey and Bulgaria.
In the center - the denomination of the coin in two lines: "5 РУБЛЕЙ", below - the inscription: "БАНК РОССИИ", under it - the year of issue "2015", the left and right - the stylized branch plants, right at the edge - the trademark of the coin yard.
In the center - a fragment of the Diorama "Sapun Mountain Assault May 7, 1944" in Sevastopol, along the rim - inscriptions, separated by two asterisks at the top: "КРЫМСКАЯ СТРАТЕГИЧЕСКАЯ НАСТУПАТЕЛЬНАЯ ОПЕРАЦИЯ", below: "ВЕЛИКАЯ ОТЕЧЕСТВЕННАЯ ВОЙНА 1941-1945 гг.".