|Artist||A. D. Schablykin|
|Sculptor||A. I. Molostov|
|Period||Russian Federation (1997-...)|
|Release date||August 4, 2009|
|Weight||8.4 г .|
|Diameter||27 мм .|
|Thickness||2.1 мм .|
|Series||The ancient cities of Russia|
|Metal||Bi-metal (Ring - brass, disk - Melchior)|
|Edge||Ribbed with the inscription (300 corrugations and two inscriptions "10 РУБЛЕЙ", separated by two asterisks)|
One of the oldest places on the map of the Russian state is the city of Kaluga. It is located on the banks of the Oka River about 200 kilometers from Moscow. The exact date of the formation of Kaluga is not set, but it is mentioned for the first time in a document Duchy of Lithuania Algirdas prince to the patriarch of Constantinople as Philothei village. However, already in 1380, the year the residents of Kaluga participated in the Battle of Kulikovo in conjunction with shelves Dmitry Donskoy.
Originally the town was built as a border fortress guard. And for a long time, for centuries it has successfully coped with the role assigned to him responsible. Numerous raids Horde invasion of Lithuanian troops turned back home, met on their way to the town of Oka. It happened near Kaluga Standing Great Russian ratification and hordes on the Ugra river, when the Tatar-Mongols did not dare attack the Russian soldiers.
There were, however, in the history of Kaluga and periods of decline, difficult times. Several times the enemy destroyed the city. But he was able to check out and restore their strength and beauty. It Was Kaluga in 1941 and was under the yoke of the Nazis. That she was the first Soviet city, liberated from the invaders during the offensive near Moscow.
The city has brought fame and the fact that it is home to Tsiolkovsky KE, inventor, self-taught scientist who first formulated the theoretical foundations of spaceflight. Therefore it is sometimes called the cradle of cosmonautics Kaluga.
In the center - the designation value of the coin "10 РУБЛЕЙ". Inside of the figure "0" - hidden, visible by turns on changing angle of view of the image numbers "10" and the inscription "РУБ". In the lower part of the disc - the mint trademark. The top of the ring along the rim - the inscription: "БАНК РОССИИ", at the bottom - the date "2009" on the left and the right - stylized twigs of plants going over to the disc.
In the center of the disc - the image of the city panorama, the left above - the coat of arms of the city of Kaluga, on the ring on the rim - inscriptions: at the top - "ДРЕВНИЕ ГОРОДА РОССИИ", at the bottom - "КАЛУГА".