Coin Himalayan bear
|Artist||A. V. Baklanov|
|Sculptor||A. A. Dolgopolova|
|Sculptor||S. M. Ivanov|
|Period||Bank of Russia (1992-1996)|
|Release date||December 11, 1994|
|Weight||17.44 г .|
|Diameter||33 мм .|
|Thickness||2.4 мм .|
|Edge||Ribbed (252 corrugations)|
Himalayan black bear are also called white-breasted and sometimes isolated in a separate genus. Beautiful sounds and Latin name - translated this "moon bear."
There is also the name at this predatory mammal of the order - Ussuri black bear. The magnitude of it is almost half the brown brother. Body is slim, sharp-nosed snout and large ears with rounded. Front feet more individuals back. Males growth do not reach the 2 m and a height of less than a meter. Weight of large bears - 140 kg. Noticeably smaller than the female of the species.
The fur is silky and short, with a twinkle. Although it is usually black, but there are also bears and brownish and reddish. On the chest is always a V-shaped white or yellowish spot that resembles a crescent moon. Hence the name "moon."
It lives in the mountain forests views not only of the Himalayas, and the Primorsky Territory. In summer, higher - up to 4 thousand meters above sea level, and winter descends..
Unlike the brown brother leads poludrevesnuyu life - it produces food, saved from midges and enemies. Food Himalayan bear bear 85% of the vegetation. He preys infrequently, but does not disdain carrion. From protein loves to eat ants and other insects, frogs and catches.
In winter, sleeping, having arranged a den in a hollow. During weddings, non-aggressive, cubs in a litter is usually two. Lives moonlight bear about 25 years.
The main enemies - the Amur tiger, brown bear.
Himalayan as the brown bear, a valuable object of hunting. In folk medicine used gallbladder beast and culinary delicacy - paws.
The IUCN Red List was listed subspecies Whitechest - Baluchistan. In the 70s of the 20th century there were only 200. Since 2006 is limited in the Primorsky Territory hunt the bear.
Image of two-headed eagle (designed by artist I. Bilibin), inscriptions along the rim - on top: "ОДИН РУБЛЬ 1994 г." at the bottom - "БАНК РОССИИ". At the bottom - indicate the metal sign, the fineness, the mint trademark and the content of the precious metal content.
Relief image of Himalayan bear against the backdrop of vegetation, lower rim - "ГИМАЛАЙСКИЙ МЕДВЕДЬ".