|Sculptor||I. I. Kopytkin|
|Period||Russian Federation (1997-...)|
|Release date||August 24, 2002|
|Weight||8.4 г .|
|Diameter||27 мм .|
|Thickness||2.1 мм .|
|Series||The ancient cities of Russia|
|Metal||Bi-metal (Ring - brass, disk - Melchior)|
|Edge||Ribbed with the inscription (300 corrugations and two inscriptions "10 РУБЛЕЙ", separated by two asterisks)|
Derbent - Dagestani town, which is probably the oldest settlement in the Russian Federation. The first people came here in the Bronze Age - about 4 thousand years BC. Already in the 6th century BC. e. a town called the Caspian Gates - the ancient name of Derbent (Persian "closed gate") - for the first time mentions the ancient Greek geographer Hecataeus.
The city is situated on the western shore of the Caspian Sea, where it empties into the river Suhodol. At this point, the Caucasian mountains left to the people the narrow three-kilometer run along the coast, the closest approaches to the sea. On this strip of land between the mountains and the sea in the 438th year district. e. Persians built a fortress. From her departed two stone walls, completely covers the narrow passage from south to north.
The strategic importance of the citadel to pass ownership of the Caspian was so great that it is constantly attacked by the Sarmatians, Scythians, Khazars, Huns and others. Derbent initially acted as a link for the Eastern and Western civilizations. Through Derbent pass and ran the Great Silk Road.
In the 7th century Derbent was captured by the Arabs, with the time period began the Islamization of the population. At the same time it built the first mosque. Along with trade actively developed crafts (jewelry, carpet weaving and weaving, pottery and stekloduvstvo, paper and silk) and agriculture (horticulture, cultivation of cotton, flax, saffron, etc.).
In 1668, the year the city first came under the power of Russian Cossack Stepan Razin. Since then, the Russian tried to retain power over the Caspian passage. For some time the city passed from the Russian to the Arabs, and vice versa. In 1813, the year he finally joined the Russian state.
In the center - the designation value of the coin "10 РУБЛЕЙ". Inside of the figure "0" - hidden, visible by turns on changing angle of view of the image numbers "10" and the inscription "РУБ". In the lower part of the disc - the mint trademark. The top of the ring along the rim - the inscription: "БАНК РОССИИ", at the bottom - the date "2002" on the left and the right - stylized twigs of plants going over to the disc.
The image of the city-fortress on a background of mountains, above it - the coat of arms of the city of Derbent, to the right - stylized branch of grapes, along the rim - inscriptions: at the top - "ДРЕВНИЕ ГОРОДА РОССИИ", at the bottom - "ДЕРБЕНТ".