|Artist||A. A. Brynza|
|Sculptor||A. V. Gnidin|
|Period||Russian Federation (1997-...)|
|Release date||September 8, 2016|
|Weight||6 г .|
|Diameter||25 мм .|
|Thickness||1.8 мм .|
|Series||Cities - the capitals of states liberated by Soviet troops from the German fascist invaders|
|Metal||Nickel Plated Steel|
|Edge||Ribbed with smooth sections (12 sections on the 5 reefs)|
After the successful completion of the Iasi-Kishinev offensive operation and the liberation of Chisinau, the 2nd and 3rd Ukrainian fronts continued their offensive. It was necessary to complete the rout of Hitler's troops in Romania. Particular importance was attached to the capture of the Ploiesti oil region, which supplied fuel for German equipment.
In Ploiesti, our tanks burst, and at the same time landing was landed. Our soldiers were helped by the Romanian divisions and workers' units that had crossed over to the side of the Red Army. August 31, the entire oil region was liberated from the Nazis, the fascists lost Romanian oil. From the point of view of the military economy, it was a very heavy blow to Germany, which does not have its oil fields.
The tank army continued its attack on Bucharest. The rapid advancement of our troops to the capital of Romania inspired the local residents, and an uprising broke out in the city against the pro-fascist Romanian government. The rebels took control of Bucharest. The German garrison, who was in Bucharest, was partially destroyed, partly taken prisoner. August 31, our troops entered the city. The local population arranged a solemn meeting for both the Soviet soldiers and the Romanian volunteers who came over to our side. Everywhere there were flowers and flags. The soldiers were showered with flowers, hugged, children climbed into tanks, there was universal rejoicing. The Romanian army took the side of the insurgents, and soon the entire territory of Romania was liberated from fascism.
In 1945, as a token of gratitude and respect in the main square of Bucharest, next to the residence of the government, a monument was erected dedicated to the Soviet Soldier-Liberator (sculptor Baraski). The monument stood on Victory Square for more than 40 years, but at the turn of the 80s and 90s it was removed from sight, first to the square next door, and then to the military cemetery where Soviet soldiers who died during the liberation of Romania were buried. Now the monument stands on the ground, the pedestal is no longer there, just as one of the gravestones. In the battles for the liberation of Romania, about 70 thousand of our soldiers were killed, more than 280 thousand were wounded.
In the center of the disk - the denomination of the coin in two lines: "5 РУБЛЕЙ", below - the inscription: "БАНК РОССИИ", under it - the year of coinage: "2016", left and right - stylized branch of the plant, on the right at the edge - yard.
In the center of the disk there is an image of the Monument to the soldier-liberator, installed in the military cemetery in Herestreu Park in Bucharest, against the background of the contour images of the architectural constructions of Bucharest, below - the horizontal inscription: "31 АВГУСТА 1944 г.", above: "БУХАРЕСТ".