|Artist||A. A. Brynza|
|Sculptor||D. Yu. Perepelkin|
|Period||Russian Federation (1997-...)|
|Release date||September 18, 2016|
|Weight||6 г .|
|Diameter||25 мм .|
|Thickness||1.8 мм .|
|Series||Cities - the capitals of states liberated by Soviet troops from the German fascist invaders|
|Metal||Nickel Plated Steel|
|Edge||Ribbed with smooth sections (12 sections on the 5 reefs)|
In the region of the capital of Hungary, the German command and the Hungarian government allied to it created powerful defensive lines covering Budapest from the east. The defensive lines had the form of arcs, the flanks of which rested against the Danube. The city was prepared for a siege, it contained large stocks of arms, ammunition, medicines and food, there were German and Hungarian troops. Budapest was a fortress that could for a long time delay the advance of our troops to the west, to the borders of fascist Germany.
Frontal, frontal impact for our troops was fraught with huge losses. And to make a roundabout maneuver, the Nazis in every possible way prevented us. In addition, the supply of our army was hampered by heavy rains, the road was washed away, the stuck artillery had to be pulled out on our hands. Our command tried to avoid unnecessary bloodshed and the destruction of the capital of Hungary, a very beautiful city with many architectural monuments. Therefore, on December 29, 1944, the enemy was presented with an ultimatum, guaranteeing a dignified surrender while preserving the life and freedom of the command staff. But our ultimatum was rejected, and our parliamentarians were killed. After that, the Germans launched an offensive. For almost a month our troops were on the defensive and repulsed the enemy's tank attacks.
In the city of Debrecen, which was on the part of Hungary liberated from the Nazis, a parallel, anti-fascist government - the Provisional National Assembly of Hungary - was formed. On December 21, 1944, it appealed to the Hungarian soldiers with an appeal to cross over to the side of the Soviet army and together to liberate the Motherland from the fascists. A part of the Hungarian servicemen listened to this appeal, and took part in the battles for the liberation of Budapest and the whole territory of Hungary together with our troops. The hardest fighting began on city streets. By January 18, the eastern part of the city, Pest, was liberated. It took almost a month to clear the western part of the Hitlerites - Budu. February 13, 1945 the city was completely liberated. In the battles for the liberation of Budapest, more than 80,000 Soviet soldiers and officers were killed.
The only monument to Soviet soldiers who died in the liberation of Budapest, which was preserved in Budapest, is a 14-meter obelisk with a gilded bas-relief (sculptor Karoyu, 1945). It is located in the center of the city, and many times it was the object of attacks by Hungarian nationalists.
In the center of the disk - the denomination of the coin in two lines: "5 РУБЛЕЙ", below - the inscription: "БАНК РОССИИ", under it - the year of coinage: "2016", left and right - stylized branch of the plant, on the right at the edge - yard.
In the center of the disk there is an image of the Monument to the Soviet soldiers-liberators, set on Liberty Square in Budapest, against the background of the outline images of Budapest's architectural structures, below it - the horizontal inscription: "13 ФЕВРАЛЯ 1945 г.", above: "БУДАПЕШТ".