Coin Battle of Moscow
|Художник аверса||E. V. Kramskaya|
|Художник реверса||L. A. Evdokimova|
|Period||Russian Federation (1997-...)|
|Release date||November 6, 2014|
|Weight||6 г .|
|Diameter||25 мм .|
|Thickness||1.8 мм .|
|Series||70th anniversary of the Victory in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945.|
|Metal||Nickel Plated Steel|
|Edge||Ribbed with smooth sections (12 sections on the 5 reefs)|
Hitler planned a quick capture of Moscow, but met stiff resistance defenders in all directions. The main battle for the protection of the Soviet capital was started in autumn 1942 and lasted nearly seven months.
On the orders of the German command offensive operation began September 30, 1942 "Typhoon". During the fighting near Vyazma and Bryansk prisoner were about 700 thousand Soviet soldiers. By late October, the Germans managed to defeat the defense on the Mozhaisk and Volokolamsk directions, and the fighting moved close to Moscow.
Offensive phase lasted until December 1942. Losses from the Red Army made more than 500 thousand people were killed and 144,000 wounded. And although the Germans dropped down only a little more than 135 thousand people, but the morale of invaders appeared broken. Grab Moscow Nazis did not succeed.
Having a tangible reinforcement, Command the Soviet forces on December 5 ordered a counter-attack on the invaders. December 15 Klin was liberated, 16 - Kalinin, dace and Efremov, 20 - Volokolamsk, 26 - Naro-Fominsk, 30 - Kaluga. Moscow taking the threat was completely eliminated. But to completely release the Moscow region could only by March 1943. In total, the counter-offensive operations the German yoke could lose Tula and Ryazan region, some of Orel, Smolensk and Kalinin regions.
German losses were about 500 people compared to more than half a million Soviet citizens. To destroy the enemy army failed. But in the battle of Moscow hosted the first major victory of the Red Army and a significant defeat of Nazi troops. The victory over the Nazis in the battle for the capital of the USSR spodvigla the international community to create a coalition against the common enemy - Hitler.
In the center - the denomination of the coin in two lines: "5 РУБЛЕЙ", below - the inscription: "БАНК РОССИИ", under it - the year of issue "2014", the left and right - the stylized branch plants, right at the edge - the trademark of the coin yard.
Relief image of anti-tank "hedgehogs" - a monument to the defenders of Moscow, along the rim - inscriptions, separated by two asterisks at the top: "БИТВА ПОД МОСКВОЙ", at the bottom: "ВЕЛИКАЯ ОТЕЧЕСТВЕННАЯ ВОЙНА 1941-1945 гг.".