Coin The unconditional surrender of Japan
|Artist||A. V. Baklanov|
|Sculptor||A. A. Dolgopolova|
|Period||Bank of Russia (1992-1996)|
|Release date||July 17, 1995|
|Weight||14.35 г .|
|Diameter||33 мм .|
|Thickness||2.3 мм .|
|Series||50 Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945.|
|Edge||Inscription (two inscriptions "ТРИ РУБЛЯ", separated by two asterisks)|
After the defeat of Nazi Germany, Japan, the situation has become almost hopeless. June 22, 1945 Emperor Hirohito at the meeting of the Supreme Military Council first expressed the idea that war is necessary to finish as soon as possible. Negotiations on the surrender began July 26, 1945 The Allies expressed their conditions in the Potsdam Declaration, whose main points were: the immediate cessation of hostilities on the part of the Japanese military; Japan's renunciation of all territories of attached during the war; partial occupation of the country, while the power will not come, "prone to peacefulness government." The Potsdam Declaration says nothing about the postwar status of the emperor and did not guarantee his personal safety, so the Japanese are slow to respond.
Delay was adopted by the Allies as a failure and the fighting against Japan continued. August 6, 1945 an American bomber B-29 dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima. August 8 to join the war against Japan, the Soviet Union declared. August 9 American aviation atomic bombing Nagasaki was made. The same day, the 3rd US Navy entered the Japanese waters and struck stationed on the islands of Honshu and Hokkaido Japanese airbases. August 10, 1945, Soviet troops invaded Korea.
For Hirohito became apparent that resistance is futile and 10 August 1945, he accepted the surrender of Japan on the terms of the Potsdam Declaration, subject to maintaining the monarchy. On behalf of the Allies US Secretary of State Byrnes gave such guarantees and 14 August Hirohito ordered the Japanese Army to cease armed resistance. September 2, 1945 in Tokyo Bay aboard the battleship "Missouri" Minister of Foreign Affairs of Japan and the US Navy Admiral Nimitz from the Allies signed the act of unconditional surrender of Japan. The Second World War ended.
In the center - the image of the dome of the Senate and the Spassky Tower of the Moscow Kremlin building on the right - the mint trademark. The inscriptions along the rim framed by a circle of dots: at the top - "ТРИ РУБЛЯ 1995 г." at the bottom - "БАНК РОССИИ"
Images of representatives of the Soviet Union and Japan at the time of signing of the unconditional surrender of Japan, the inscriptions along the rim: at the top - "БЕЗОГОВОРОЧНАЯ КАПИТУЛЯЦИЯ ЯПОНИИ" at the bottom - "2 СЕНТЯБРЯ 1945 ГОДА". On the side surface of the coin - two incised inscriptions "ТРИ РУБЛЯ", separated by two asterisks.