Coin Amur tiger
|Artist||A. V. Baklanov|
|Sculptor||I. S. Komshilov|
|Period||Bank of Russia (1992-1996)|
|Release date||October 12, 1992|
|Weight||6.25 г .|
|Diameter||25 мм .|
|Thickness||1.75 мм .|
|Metal||Bi-metal (Ring - a copper-nickel alloy, disc - aluminum bronze)|
|Edge||Ribbed with smooth sections (10 sections on the 12 reefs)|
Amur tiger inhabits in the Maritime region, also called the Ussuri or Far Eastern tiger. This - the largest and at the same time very graceful creature; it weighs about 200 kg., and the length of its body sometimes exceed 3 meters. Such a large animal is necessary an impressive territory, sometimes it is 500-700 km. Luxury fur coat, much more dense and rigid than those of other species of tigers, and an impressive body fat on my stomach warm tiger in the frosty taiga night and fur pads on the paws help him to move freely even in very deep snow. It inhabits the Amur tiger mainly in the Primorsky Territory and only occasionally found in the forests of North Korea and China.
This predator can hunt at any time of the day never would catch more prey than can eat - a tiger needs about 30 kg. meat at a time - and not everyone completed his jump luck: from 10 attempts are crowned with success, 1-2.
A tigress can bring posterity of 3-4 cubs, which are very long lived with her mother. On the first independent hunting kittens out not earlier than one year after the birth, however, learned to produce their own food the cubs for several years do not leave the mother.
It is hard to imagine that such a wonderful animal almost disappeared from the face of the planet.
In the Amur tiger sad story: their population was reduced several times, threatened with complete destruction of the beasts. Uncontrolled shooting tigers and deforestation in the early XX century led to this catastrophe, and only stringent measures have helped to save these rare and beautiful animals. However, in 1983 the disease plague and heavy snowfall almost completely destroyed the population of wild boars and roe deer, and hungry tigers began to appear in the villages and attack livestock. People have developed a real war against the animals, why the tiger again almost disappeared from the face of the planet.
Tiger threatened by poachers and dismissive attitude of man to nature. The cost of the Amur tiger on the black market is extremely high, and the forests in which it lives, is extremely valued by the parquet manufacturer.
The situation began to change only when strict laws prohibiting the cutting down of forests and protecting the animals were taken. Finally, in 2007, experts from the WWF confirmed that the animals are no longer threatened with extinction. For the fate of tigers watching scientists from around the world, and the life of each individual is protected by law. Environmentalists and government so far with mixed success fighting against poaching and the greed of officials, allowing deforestation.
The disc in the center - face value in two lines, "10 РУБЛЕЙ", under it - the mint mark on the ring along the rim at the rim - inscriptions divided by two fragments of ornament at the top: "БАНК РОССИИ", at the bottom - year of issue "1992".
The disc in the center - the relief image of a tiger walking on the ring along the rim on - line, separated by two points, the top of the "КРАСНАЯ КНИГА", below: "АМУРСКИЙ ТИГР".